Arrangement by Number/Alpha/Measure/Fit/PBS (Asc./Desc.) = mN, fN, N

Arrange= controls the ordering of the elements in the tables of measures: Table 7 and Table 14..


Arrange= Table arrangements. Specifies ordering of elements within tables

Sort order




Arrangements for facets 1, 2, 3, 4, ...



Element labels (alphabetically)



Element Measure



Fit - more extreme of INFIT and OUTFIT (also Z, T)



Element numbers



Point-biserial correlation






Arrangements for bias/interaction: use facet 0



Bias Measure



t-statistic of bias measure (also F, Z)



Bias term sequence numbers:

use the Output Tables menu, Tables 12-13-14, to sort elements by facet. Top facet is minor, bottom facet is major for sort order.


These letters can be combined to produce many rearranged copies of each report, e.g.,

Arrange = Ma,F

means produce two copies of each report:

for the first copy,

Ma specifies: measure descending (major), alphabetic ascending (minor).

for the second copy

F specifies: fit ascending (major) for the main reports.

t-statistic ascending (major) for the Bias reports.


The rearrangements can be specified to apply only to a particular facet by prefacing that facet's number to its rearrangement instructions. The Bias tables are indicated as facet 0.

Example: "Arrange = 1m,2m,2P,3A,0M,N" means

1m report the elements of facet 1, sorted by measure, descending

2m report the elements of facet 2, sorted by measure, descending

2P report the elements of facet 2, sorted by point-biserial, ascending

3A report the elements of facet 3, sorted alphabetically, ascending

0M report the bias terms, sorted by bias size (measure), ascending

N report all facets, sorted by entry number order, ascending


Parentheses () are optional: Arrange = (1f, 2m, F)


Arrange= by itself suppresses Tables 7 and 14.


For more elaborate sorting and column select, the easiest approach is to copy-and-paste the Measure or Bias/Interaction Table into an Excel worksheet, then use Excel's "Data", "Text to Columns" to put the Facets columns into Excel columns. You can then sort the columns and delete unneeded ones.

Help for Facets Rasch Measurement Software: Author: John Michael Linacre.

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Rasch Publications
Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
in Spanish: Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez
Winsteps Tutorials Facets Tutorials Rasch Discussion Groups


Coming Winsteps & Facets Events
May 22 - 24, 2018, Tues.-Thur. EALTA 2018 pre-conference workshop (Introduction to Rasch measurement using WINSTEPS and FACETS, Thomas Eckes & Frank Weiss-Motz),
May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
June 27 - 29, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Measurement at the Crossroads: History, philosophy and sociology of measurement, Paris, France.,
June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
July 25 - July 27, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Pacific-Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), (Preconference workshops July 23-24, 2018) Fudan University, Shanghai, China "Applying Rasch Measurement in Language Assessment and across the Human Sciences"
Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets),
Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),


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