﻿ Facets in data = 2

# Facets in data = 2

Place Facets= before any other specifications referencing facet numbers. This specifies how many different facets interact to make the set of observations.

Facets in data = label facets, data facets

Label facets = highest numbered facet in Labels=

Data facets = number of facets in the data file (including facets implied by Dvalues=) - not required if same as Label facets or inferred from Entry-order=.

Example 1: For judges, persons, items:

Facets=3

In complex data sets, every facet may not be involved in every observation. For instance, some observations may involve persons with items and tasks, while other observations involve persons with judges and items. Since there are four facets altogether (persons, items, tasks, judges), specify four facets, even though no single observation involves all four:

Facets=4

A rating scale (or partial credit) category or response is not a facet. Data are the result of interactions between the facets. Thus "Mary responds to item 7 with a `3'" indicates two facets (persons and items), not three (persons, items and responses).

Example 2: Two facets in Labels=, but three in the data: paired comparisons.

Facets = 2, 3 ; the "3" is optional because it can be inferred from Entry=

Entry = 1,2,2 ; 3 facets positions in the data, with element numbers from Labels= facets, 1, 2 and 2.

Model = ?,?,-?,D ; "-?" reverses the sign of the second person measure

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Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
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Coming Winsteps & Facets Events
May 22 - 24, 2018, Tues.-Thur. EALTA 2018 pre-conference workshop (Introduction to Rasch measurement using WINSTEPS and FACETS, Thomas Eckes & Frank Weiss-Motz), https://ealta2018.testdaf.de
May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
June 27 - 29, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Measurement at the Crossroads: History, philosophy and sociology of measurement, Paris, France., https://measurement2018.sciencesconf.org
June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
July 25 - July 27, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Pacific-Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), (Preconference workshops July 23-24, 2018) Fudan University, Shanghai, China "Applying Rasch Measurement in Language Assessment and across the Human Sciences" www.promsociety.org
Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets), www.statistics.com
Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com

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