Winsteps control, data and anchor file

Winsteps provides analytical and output capabilities not implemented in Facets, such as the principal components analysis of residuals. Winsteps requires a rectangular data layout. Select from the Output Files pull-down menu,



The Facets data are formatted into a rectangle. A row (or column) can comprise one facet. If one facet is checked, then each element of that facet becomes one row (or one column) in the data rectangle. If two or more facets are checked for rows (or columns), then each row (or column) comprises data corresponding to one combination of elements from each checked facet.


It is typical that formatting the data as a rectangle results in more than one observation for each row-column cell. If so, the "Select data" option specifies whether it is the first relevant datapoint in the Facets file, or the last, or the sum, which occupies the cell.


Row and column measure anchor values can also be written into the Winsteps file. These are obtained from the Facets estimates. If there is a rating-scale common to all the Facets data, this can also be used for Winsteps anchor values.


Example 1: The dialog box produces:

Title = AP English Essays (College Board/ETS)

item = Essay  ; column identification

person = examinee  ; row identification

xwide = 1  ; width of datapoint

codes = "12345678"  ; valid data codes

; first data point in cell used

ni = 3  ; number of data columns

item1 = 1  ; starting column of data

name1 = 5  ; start of row labels

@pf1=$S1W5 ; 1 examinee

namelen = 5 ; row label length

safile = *  ; rating structure anchor values

1 .00


9 2.75


iafile = *  ; item-column anchor values

1 -.02 ; 1 A

2 .13 ; 2 B

3 -.11 ; 3 C


pafile = *  ; person-row anchor values

1 -.82 ;  1 1


32 .03 ; 32 32


@if2=$S1W3 ; 2 Essay


1 A  ; item-column labels

2 B

3 C


553  1 1   ; row data + label

454  2 2


644 32 32


Example 2:

To verify that raters are following the judging plan, output a Winsteps file with the raters as rows, and the other ingredients of the judging plan as columns.


Example 3: We want a standard version of Winsteps Table 2.2 or other Winsteps Keyform-style output.

1. Do the Facets analysis, and output an Anchor file.

2. Output from the Facets "output files" menu a Winsteps control file. Specify which facet you want for the Winsteps columns (the rows on Table 2.2) and which facets you want for the Winsteps rows. Check "row anchor values" and "column anchor values". If "scale anchor values" are available, please check them.

3. Look at the Winsteps control file. If IAFILE= or SAFILE= anchor values are missing, please copy and reformat those values from the Facets anchorfile.

4. Run Winsteps and produce Table 2.2 or whatever Winsteps output you want.

Help for Facets Rasch Measurement Software: Author: John Michael Linacre.

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Rasch Publications
Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
in Spanish: Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez
Winsteps Tutorials Facets Tutorials Rasch Discussion Groups


Coming Rasch-related Events
April 10-12, 2018, Tues.-Thurs. Rasch Conference: IOMW, New York, NY,
April 13-17, 2018, Fri.-Tues. AERA, New York, NY,
May 22 - 24, 2018, Tues.-Thur. EALTA 2018 pre-conference workshop (Introduction to Rasch measurement using WINSTEPS and FACETS, Thomas Eckes & Frank Weiss-Motz),
May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
June 27 - 29, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Measurement at the Crossroads: History, philosophy and sociology of measurement, Paris, France.,
June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
July 25 - July 27, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Pacific-Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), (Preconference workshops July 23-24, 2018) Fudan University, Shanghai, China "Applying Rasch Measurement in Language Assessment and across the Human Sciences"
Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets),
Sept. 3 - 6, 2018, Mon.-Thurs. IMEKO World Congress, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),


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