Usort sort order of unexpected responses = u

Unexpected observations (with standardized residuals greater than Unexpected=) are listed in Table 4. Usort= controls the order in which the unexpected observations are listed.



facet number: 1,2,3,..

Sort residuals by this facet location, ascending


separator between facet numbers and lists

( )

sort and list delimiters


Sort order:




Sorted by:



Category or Data or Observation, i.e., the original scored response (also D, O)



Step Value or Xni, i.e., the recounted value used for estimation (also V)



Expected value or Pni, i.e., the modeled value computed from the measures (also P)



Residual or Yni, i.e., the difference between the step value and the modeled value, Yni = Xni - Pni (also Y)



Standardized residual or Zni, i.e, the statistical unexpectedness of the observation (also S, F, T)



Unexpectedness: Absolute value of standardized residual


Example 1: In Table 4, it is often useful to sort the unexpected residuals by their facet location and size. Sort the residuals by Facet 1 major, Facet 2 minor and then Facet 3.



Multiple sorts and multiple listings of the residuals are obtained by placing each sort order in (). Produces two listings, one sorted by Facet 2 major, the other sorted by Facet 3.



Example 2: Persons are facet 1, items are facet 2 and judges are facet 3. We want to investigate the judges one at a time, paying attention to the most unexpected residuals for each item in Table 4, then identify grossly unexpected person ratings:

Usort = (3,2,u),(u,1)

Unexpected= 3 ; only for very unexpected ratings

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Rasch Publications
Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
in Spanish: Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez
Winsteps Tutorials Facets Tutorials Rasch Discussion Groups


Coming Rasch-related Events
April 10-12, 2018, Tues.-Thurs. Rasch Conference: IOMW, New York, NY,
April 13-17, 2018, Fri.-Tues. AERA, New York, NY,
May 22 - 24, 2018, Tues.-Thur. EALTA 2018 pre-conference workshop (Introduction to Rasch measurement using WINSTEPS and FACETS, Thomas Eckes & Frank Weiss-Motz),
May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
June 27 - 29, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Measurement at the Crossroads: History, philosophy and sociology of measurement, Paris, France.,
June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
July 25 - July 27, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Pacific-Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), (Preconference workshops July 23-24, 2018) Fudan University, Shanghai, China "Applying Rasch Measurement in Language Assessment and across the Human Sciences"
Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets),
Sept. 3 - 6, 2018, Mon.-Thurs. IMEKO World Congress, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),


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