Transpose file specifications

To transpose the rows and columns of the data matrix, select Transpose on the Output Files menu or specify TRPOFILE= in your control file.





This section corresponds to TRPOTYPE=.

The response-level data are:

Original data: data codes are those in the data file.

Scored data: data after applying NEWSCORE=, IVALUE=, KEY=, etc.

Recounted data: the data recounted upwards from 0 after applying STKEEP=No, etc.


Deleted and deselect persons and items are: (IDFILE=, IDELETE=, ISELECT=, PDFILE=, PDELETE=, PSELECT=)

Squeezed out: deleted and deselected items and persons are omitted from the transposed file.

Missing data: deleted and deselected items and persons remain in the transposed file, but all their responses are indicated as missing data, "."



Control and Data file: the transposed file can be analyzed. Additional control instructions may be required in the control section in order for the analysis to proceed correctly.

Control file only: Only the control file for the transposed data is output. The transposed data are not output.

Data file only: Only the transposed data are output. The control instructions are not.


Display original: show the original, un transposed, control file.

Permanent file: file name for the transposed file. Enter in the white box, or use the "Browse" function to locate the desired folder.

The transposed file is created and displayed.

Temporary file: use a temporary file: this can be "saved as" a permanent file.

The transposed file is created and displayed.

Done: transposing actions completed

Cancel: exit from this routine

Launch Winsteps: launch Winsteps with the permanent transposed file as its control file.

Help: show this Help file entry


Example: This produces, for Exam1.txt, the equivalent to TRPOFILE=exam1transposed.txt and TRPOTYPE=OSB:


; Transposed from: C:\Winsteps\examples\exam1.txt







ITEM1 = 1


NAME1 = 37

NAMLEN = 16           ; ends at 52

CODES = 01


; Add here from original control file: C:\Winsteps\examples\exam1.txt


Richard M  1

...... (more item labels)

Helen   F  35


11111111111111111111111111111111111 1-4           1

...... (more data records)

 00000000000000000000000000000000000 4-1-3-4-2-1-4 18

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Rasch Publications
Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
in Spanish: Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez
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Coming Rasch-related Events
April 10-12, 2018, Tues.-Thurs. Rasch Conference: IOMW, New York, NY,
April 13-17, 2018, Fri.-Tues. AERA, New York, NY,
May 22 - 24, 2018, Tues.-Thur. EALTA 2018 pre-conference workshop (Introduction to Rasch measurement using WINSTEPS and FACETS, Thomas Eckes & Frank Weiss-Motz),
May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
June 27 - 29, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Measurement at the Crossroads: History, philosophy and sociology of measurement, Paris, France.,
June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),
July 25 - July 27, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Pacific-Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), (Preconference workshops July 23-24, 2018) Fudan University, Shanghai, China "Applying Rasch Measurement in Language Assessment and across the Human Sciences"
Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets),
Sept. 3 - 6, 2018, Mon.-Thurs. IMEKO World Congress, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps),



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