Table 16 Person maps with full person labels

(controlled by IPEXTREME=, MRANGE=, MTICK=, MAXPAGE=, NAMLMP=, PSORT=, T1I#=, LINELENGTH=)

 

Table 16.3 Person map with full labels

 

MEASURE ACT - MAP - KID

        <rare>|<more>

   5          +  FATALE, NATASHA        ROSSNER, LAWRENCE F.

              |

              |

              |

              |

              |  PASTER, RUTH

   4          +

              |

              |  SCHATTNER, GAIL

              |T

              |  DOEPPNER, TOM

              |

   3          +  MCLOUGHLIN, BILLY

             T|  WRIGHT, BENJAMIN

              |

           X  |  BUFF, MARGE BABY       CHAZELLE, BERNIE

              |  CLAPP, LB              SEILER, KAREN

           X  |S ERNST, RICHARD MAX     SQURREL, ROCKY J.

   2          +  CLAPP, CHARLIE         EASTWOOD, CLINT

                 VROOM, JEFF

          XX  |  BADENOV, BORIS         KENT, CLARK

           X  |  MOOSE, BULLWINKLE      ROSSNER, BESS

              |  CORLEONE, VITO         MAN, SPIDER

                 PATRIARCA, RAY

             S|  HSIEH, PAUL FRED       SQUILLY, MICHAEL

           X  |  CLAPP, DOCENT          HOGAN, KATHLEEN

                 ROSSNER, TOBY G.

   1          +M BECKER, SELWIN         BLOFELD, VILLAIN

                 FONTANILLA, HAMES      LAMBERT, MD., ROSS W.

              |  SABILE, JACK           TOZER, AMY ELIZABETH

          XX  |  ALLEN, PETER           BABBOO, BABOO

                 CORLEONE, MICHAEL      PINHEAD, ZIPPY

         XXX  |  BEISER, ED             HSIEH, DANIEL SEB

                 MALAPROP, MRS.         SANDBERG, RYNE

           X  |  CIANCI, BUDDY          EISEN, NORM L.

          XX  |  AIREHEAD, JOHN         ANGUIANO, ROB

   0         M+  AMIRAULT, ZIPPY        DRISKEL, MICHAEL

         XXX  |S

           X  |  BAUDET, GERARD

           X  |  BOND, JAMES            ROSSNER, REBECCA A.

           X  |

  -1       X  +  LIEBERMAN, DANIEL      NORDGREN, JAN SWEDE

              |

           X S|  JACKSON, SOLOMON       LANDMAN, ALAN

           X  |T

              |  SABOL, ANDREW

              |

  -2       X  +

        <freq>|<less>

Right-hand column shows the full person labels located by the person ability measures along the variable. Abbreviated person labels are shown in Table 1.3. The persons often have a normal distribution.

 

Left-hand column locates the item difficulty measures along the variable. The item labels are abbreviated to fit on one page. Table 12 has the full item labels.  Items arranged by measure: look for the hierarchy of item names to spell out a meaningful construct from easiest at the top to hardest at the bottom.

 

For dichotomous items, look for an even spread of items along the variable (the y-axis) with no gaps, indicating poorly defined or tested regions of the variable.  Good tests usually have the items targeted (lined up with) the persons.

 

For polytomous items, Table 2.2 shows the operational range of the item with its rating scale.

 

In Table 16.3, the full person names are shown with an item distribution. You can use NAMLMP= or PMAP=to control the number of characters of each name reported. MAXPAGE= controls the length of the Table. MRANGE= controls the displayed range of measures. PSORT= controls the sort order within rows.

 

Persons arranged by measure: Look for the hierarchy of person names to spell out a meaningful distribution from highest scoring at the top to lowest scoring at the bottom.

 

Column Labels

ITEM=

MAP

PERSON=

RARE=

MORE=

 

 

FREQ=

LESS=

Table 16.13 Person map with full labels and reversed item distribution

 

MEASURE TAP - MAP - KID

        <freq>||<more>

   5     XXX  ++

           X  ||

   4      XX  ++T

          XX S||  Rick    M  Susan   F

   3          ++  Frank   M

           X  ||

   2          ++S Bert    M  Betty   F  Elsie   F  Thomas  M

           X  ||

   1          ++  Britton F  Carol   F  David   M  Joe     M  Zula    F

              ||

   0         M++M

              ||  Anne    F  Audrey  F  Barbara F  Dorothy F  James   M

                  Kim     F  Linda   F  Mike    M  Ron     M  Tracie  F

                  Walter  M  William M

  -1       X  ++

              ||  Janet   F  Lisa    F  Rod     M

  -2      XX  ++S Brenda  F  Pete    M

              ||

  -3          ++  Adam    M  Richard M

           X S||  Blaise  M  Martha  F

  -4          ++T

              ||  Don     M

  -5    XXXX  ++  Helen   F

        <rare>||<less>

Right-hand column is the person details, see Table 16.3. Abbreviated person labels are shown in Table 1.13.

 

Left-hand column locates the item distribution by their easiness measures along the latent variable. These are  the difficulty measures reversed around the mean person difficulty "M".

 

Column Labels

ITEM=

MAP

PERSON=

FREQ=

MORE=

 

 

RARE=

LESS=

 

MEASURE

Location of person or item on the unidimensional latent variable, in logits or USCALE= units

<more>

higher person "ability" = higher raw score with complete data

<less>

lower person "ability" = lower raw score with complete data

<rare>

higher item "difficulty" = lower item "easiness" = lower score on the item with complete data: PVALUE=

<frequ>

<frequent>

lower item "difficulty" = higher item "easiness" = higher score on the item with complete data: PVALUE=

M

Mean of person or item distribution

S

One standard deviation from the person or item mean

T

Two standard deviations from the person or item mean

X

one person or item

#

several persons or items, e.g., EACH "#" = 4. The value for # can be changed with T1I#= for items, T1P#= for persons.

.

between 1 and (# - 1) persons or items, e.g., if # = 4, then "." = 1 to 3

|

Variable advances. Lines without "|" have the same measure as the nearest "|" above.

||

The double line || indicates the two sides have opposite orientations: person ability and item easiness. The item difficulties are reversed.This is useful if the items and persons are being compared to the responses.

 

On plot:

Description:

MEASURE

Location on the unidimensional latent variable, in logits or USCALE= units

<more>

higher person "ability" = higher raw score with complete data

<less>

lower person "ability" = lower raw score with complete data

<rare>

higher item "difficulty" = lower score on the item with complete data: PVALUE=

<frequent>

lower item "difficulty" = higher score on the item with complete data: PVALUE=

M

Mean of person or item distribution

S

One standard deviation from the person or item mean

T

Two standard deviations from the person or item mean

X

one person or item

#

several persons or items, e.g., "#" = 4. The value for # can be changed with T1I#=, T1P#=.

.

between 1 and #-1 persons or items, e.g., "." = 1 to 3

| or +

Variable advances. Lines without "|" or "+" have the same measure as the nearest "|" or "+" above.


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Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
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