USCALE= the user-scaled value of 1 logit = 1
Specifies the number of reported user-scaled units per logit. When USCALE=1 (or USCALE= is omitted) then all measures are in logits.
Example 1: You want to user-rescale 1 logit into 45.5 units, so that differences of -100, -50, 0, +50, +100 correspond to success rates of 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%:
USCALE = 45.5
Example 2: You want to reverse the measurement directions, since the data matrix is transposed so that the 'items' are examinees and the 'persons' are test questions:
USCALE = -1
KEYn=, RESCORE=, ISGROUPS= will still apply to the columns, not the rows, of the data matrix. Centering will still be on the column measures.
Example 3: You want to approximate the "probit" measures used in many statistical procedures.
UPMEAN = 0 ; set the person sample mean to zero
USCALE = 0.59 ; probits * 1.7 = logits
Example 4: You want to report measures in "log-odds units to the base 10" (lods) instead of the standard "logits to the base e".
USCALE=0.434294482 ; the conversion between "natural" and base-10 logarithms.
For more examples, and how to compute this by hand, see User-friendly rescaling
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|Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online)||Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online)||Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch||Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox||Best Test Design, Wright & Stone|
|Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters||Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith||Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes||Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments, George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind||Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green|
|Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar||Journal of Applied Measurement||Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich||Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson||Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale|
|in Spanish:||Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán||Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez|
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|May 22 - 24, 2018, Tues.-Thur.||EALTA 2018 pre-conference workshop (Introduction to Rasch measurement using WINSTEPS and FACETS, Thomas Eckes & Frank Weiss-Motz), https://ealta2018.testdaf.de|
|May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri.||On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com|
|June 27 - 29, 2018, Wed.-Fri.||Measurement at the Crossroads: History, philosophy and sociology of measurement, Paris, France., https://measurement2018.sciencesconf.org|
|June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri.||On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com|
|July 25 - July 27, 2018, Wed.-Fri.||Pacific-Rim Objective Measurement Symposium (PROMS), (Preconference workshops July 23-24, 2018) Fudan University, Shanghai, China "Applying Rasch Measurement in Language Assessment and across the Human Sciences" www.promsociety.org|
|Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri.||On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets), www.statistics.com|
|Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri.||On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com|
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